Disclaimer: Notes, handouts, and/or other supplementary materials are provided as a courtesy to the students, and are not meant to substitute for attending lectures.
Study questions in ECB4... Study questions are included in the page margins and at the end of each chapter of ECB4. Students are encouraged to work these problems (write out your answers!) BEFORE consulting the answers at the end of the book.
Study questions... To further focus your studying, supplementary study questions for each lecture can be downloaded (as PDF files) from the links below. Many of these problems are taken from old exams, and students are encouraged to answer them (in writing!).
|Lectures 1-2: Introduction to cells, organelles, microscopy...|
|Lecture 3: Chemistry...|
|Lecture 4: Amino acids and proteins...|
|Lectures 5: Lipids, membranes, membrane proteins and transport...|
|Lecture 6-7: Sugars & polysaccharides, energy and enzymes, glycolysis and the citric acid cycle...|
|Lecture 8-9: Mitochondria and oxidative phosphorylation, chloroplasts and photosynthesis...|
|Lecture 10-11: Nucleotides & nucleic acids, DNA structure, organization, replication, and repair...|
|Lecture 12: Transcription in prokaryotes and eukaryotes...|
|Lecture 13: Molecular biology techniques...|
|Lecture 14: Gene regulation...|
|Lecture 15: The evolution of genes and genomes...|
|Lecture 16: Translation and protein folding...|
|Lecture 17: Protein targeting: nuclei, mitochondria, and chloroplasts...|
|Lectures 18-19: Protein targeting; membrane and secreted proteins; vesicle traffic...|
|Lecture 20: Endocytosis and phagocytosis......|
|Lectures 21-22: The cytoskeleton (IFs, actin, muscle, and MTs)...|
|Lectures 23-24: The cell cycle and cell division...|
|Lecture 25: Cell communication and signal transduction...|
|Lecture 26: Extracellular matrix and cell junctions;Cell renewal and stem cells...|
Answers to a subset of study questions can be found here...
Past exams: To assist your studying, I am providing you with exams from Fall 2016. These exams should give you a good idea of the type of questions you might face on this semester's exams. PDF files can be downloaded from the links below:
|Exam 1||Exam 2||Exam 3||Exam 4|
Note: Breakpoints for the exams vary from year to year. Breakpoints for this years exams will be announced in class...
Answer keys for these exams can be found here...
Study questions and past exams...